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Card Games for the Whole Family - with a Cosmic Twist

More Information and Web Links for the Images Depicted on the Cards

The Deep Space Objects

The information and links below describe the specific Deep Space Objects depicted on our Cosmic Decoders cards. If you want to find general information about different types of cosmic objects (such as planetary nebulae, spiral galaxies, etc.), click on the following link: Learn More About Deep Space Objects and Cosmic Terms. For more on telescopes in general, click here.

Many objects in astronomy donít have names, but are referred to by their numbers in catalogs astronomers have compiled over the past few centuries. In the lists below, "M numbers" refer to Charles Messierís list of interesting (fuzzy-looking) objects in the sky (a list he compiled in the 18th century so he could avoid them in his search for comets). "NGC numbers" refer to a much larger 19th century list, called the New Galactic Catalog.

Star Death Nebulae

Little Ghost Nebula1. Little Ghost Nebula (NGC 6369)

What is It?
— a planetary nebula

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2002/25/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2002/25/
http://www.seds.org/~spider/ngc/ngc.cgi?6369

Retina Nebula2. Retina Nebula (IC 4406)

What is It?
— a planetary nebula

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2002/14/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/newsdesk/archive/releases/2002/14/
http://www.seds.org/~spider/ngc/ngc.cgi?IC+4406

Nebula NGC 70273. Nebula NGC 7027

What is It?
— a planetary nebula

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1998/11/image/d

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1998/11/
http://www.seds.org/~spider/ngc/ngc.cgi?7027

Twin-Jet Nebula4. Twin-Jet Nebula (Minkowski 2-9)

What is It?
— a planetary nebula

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1997/38/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1997/38/

Nebula NGC 68265. Nebula NGC 6826

What is It?
— a planetary nebula

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1997/38/image/d

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1997/38/
http://www.seds.org/~spider/ngc/ngc.cgi?6926

Saturn Nebula6. Saturn Nebula (NGC 7009)

What is It?
— a planetary nebula

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1997/38/image/g

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1997/38/
http://www.seds.org/~spider/ngc/ngc.cgi?7009

Cat's Eye Nebula7. Catís Eye Nebula (NGC 6543)

What is It?
— a planetary nebula

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1995/01/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1995/01/
http://www.seds.org/~spider/ngc/ngc.cgi?6543

Dumbbell Nebula8. Dumbbell Nebula (M27)

What is It?
— a planetary nebula

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0688.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2003/06/
http://www.seds.org/messier/mm027.html
http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/
multiwavelength_astronomy/multiwavelength_museum/m27.html

Veil Nebula9. Veil Nebula (Part of the Cygnus Loop)

What is It?
— a supernova remnant

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0532.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/~spider/spider/Misc/veil.html
http://www.ast.cam.ac.uk/AAO/images/captions/int007.html
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1995/11
http://fuse.pha.jhu.edu/~wpb/cygloop.html

Crab Nebula10. Crab Nebula (M1) (NGC 1952)

What is It?
— a supernova remnant

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.eso.org/outreach/press-rel/pr-1999/pr-17-99.html
[Note: scroll down to the section on the Crab Nebula: 40f/99]

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2002/24/
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m001.html
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/0052/
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2000/15/
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1996/22/
http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/
multiwavelength_astronomy/multiwavelength_museum/m1.html
[Note: somewhat technical]

Cassiopeia A11. Cassiopeia A

What is It?
— a supernova remnant (our image is a map of the x-rays coming from the remnant, and not what your eyes would see)

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://chandra.cfa.harvard.edu/photo/2002/0237/index.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.aoc.nrao.edu/~trector/cas_a/
http://www.seds.org/~spider/spider/Vars/casA.html
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2002/15/
http://chandra.harvard.edu/press/casfact.html
http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/
multiwavelength_astronomy/multiwavelength_museum/casA.html

[Note: somewhat technical]

Tycho's Remnant12. Tychoís Remnant (3C10)

What is It?
— a supernova remnant (our image is a map of the radio waves coming from the remnant, and not what your eyes would see)

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.nrao.edu/imagegallery/php/level3.php?id=24

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2002/0005/
http://www.seds.org/~spider/spider/Vars/sn1572.html

Eskimo Nebula13. Eskimo Nebula (NGC 2392)

What is It?
— a planetary nebula

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2000/07/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2000/07/
http://www.seds.org/~spider/ngc/ngc.cgi?2392

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Star Clusters

Pleiades Star Cluster14. Pleiades Star Cluster (M45)

What is It?
— an open star cluster

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.aao.gov.au/images.html/captions/uks018.html
[Note: This image is under copyright]

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m045.html
http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/
multiwavelength_astronomy/multiwavelength_museum/m45.html

[Note: somewhat technical]

M1515. Center of Globular Cluster M15

What is It?
— the inner part of a globular star cluster

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2000/25/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2000/25/
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m015.html

M8016. Globular Cluster M80

What is It?
— a globular star cluster

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1999/26/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1999/26/
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m080.html

NGC 185017. Double Cluster NGC 1850

What is It?
— two open star clusters

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2001/25/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2001/25

NGC 181818. Open Cluster NGC 1818

What is It?
— an open star cluster

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1998/16/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1998/16/

NGC 708919. Globular Cluster M2 (NGC 7089)

What is It?
— a globular star cluster

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0523.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m002.html

Butterfly Cluster20. Butterfly Cluster (M6, NGC 6405)

What is It?
— an open star cluster

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0379.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m006.html

M3521. Open Cluster M35 (NGC 2168)

What is It?
— an open star cluster

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0794.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m035.html

M6822. Globular Cluster M68 (NGC 4590)

What is It?
— a globular star cluster

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0416.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m068.html

NGC 10423. Globular Cluster 47 Tucanae (NGC 104)

What is It?
— a globular star cluster

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0073.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/messier/xtra/ngc/n0104.html
http://www.astr.ua.edu/gifimages/47tuc.html
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1997/35/
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/cycle1/0004/

Hodge 30124. Open Cluster Hodge 301

What is It?
— an open star cluster

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1999/12/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1999/12/

M9225. Globular Cluster M92

What is It?
— a globular star cluster

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.ing.iac.es/PR/science/m92_high.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m092.html
http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/
multiwavelength_astronomy/multiwavelength_museum/m92.html

[Note: somewhat technical]

NGC 647526. Ptolemyís Cluster (M7, NGC 6475)

What is It?
— an open star cluster

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0584.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m007.html

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Star Birth Nebulae

Eagle Nebula27. Elephant Trunks in the Eagle Nebula (M16)

What is It?
— great pillars of gas and dust inside a larger star-formation region

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1995/44/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1995/44
http://www.eso.org/outreach/press-rel/pr-2001/phot-37-01.html
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m016.html

Orion Nebula28. Orion Nebula (Center) (M42)

What is It?
— a star-formation region

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1995/45/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1995/45/
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2000/19/
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2001/13/
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m042.html
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/cycle1/0054/
http://www.aao.gov.au/images/captions/uks008.html

N44C Nebula29. N44C Nebula

What is It?
— a star-formation region

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2002/12/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2002/12

Nebula IC 294430. Nebula IC 2944

What is It?
— two denser dust clouds in a star-formation region

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2002/01/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2002/01/

Horsehead Nebula31. Horsehead Nebula

What is It?
— a dense column of dust in a star-formation region

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0057.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2001/12/
http://www.seds.org/messier/xtra/ngc/b33.html

Carina Nebula32. Carina Nebula

What is It?
— a star-formation region, possibly containing the most massive star yet discovered in the universe

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0667.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2000/06/
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2003/31/
http://www.seds.org/messier/xtra/ngc/n3372.html
http://www.seds.org/messier/xtra/ngc/etacar.html
http://www-int.stsci.edu/~jmaiz/carina.html [Note: a bit technical, but good pictures]
http://www.aao.gov.au/images/captions/uks006.html
http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap990719.html
http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap010717.html

NGC 60433. Giant Nebula in Galaxy M33 (NGC 604)

What is It?
— a star-formation region in a neighbor galaxy

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1996/27/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1996/27/
http://www.seds.org/messier/moe/m033_n604.html
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m033.html (on the galaxy)

Cone Nebula34. Cone Nebula (NGC 2264)

What is It?
— the top of a giant pillar of gas and dust in a star-formation region

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2002/11/image/b

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2002/11
http://www.seds.org/messier/xtra/ngc/n2264.html
http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap010424.html

Eagle Nebula35. Eagle Nebula (M16, NGC 6611)

What is It?
— a star-formation region (the image on card 27 is a small part of it)

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0725.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m016.html

Rosette Nebula36. Rosette Nebula (NGC 2237, NGC 2244)

What is It?
— a star-formation region, at the center of which a cluster of newly born stars can be seen

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0554.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/messier/xtra/ngc/n2244.html

Trifid Nebula37. Trifid Nebula (M20, NGC 6514)

What is It?
— a star-formation region

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im0587.html

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/messier/m/m020.html
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1999/42/
http://eagle.la.asu.edu/hester/trifid.html
http://www.aao.gov.au/images/captions/aat012.html
http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/
multiwavelength_astronomy/multiwavelength_museum/m20.html

[Note: somewhat technical]

Tarantula Nebula38. Tarantula Nebula (30 Doradus, NGC 2070)

What is It?
— a star-formation region

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://www.eso.org/outreach/press-rel/pr-2000/phot-05-00.html
[Note: scroll down to the first image]

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://www.seds.org/messier/xtra/ngc/n2070.html
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1999/33/
http://www-int.stsci.edu/~jmaiz/30dor.html
http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap991026.html
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2002/0057/
http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/
multiwavelength_astronomy/multiwavelength_museum/30dor.html

[Note: somewhat technical]

N81 Nebula39. N81 Nebula

What is It?
— a star-formation region in a neighbor galaxy

Where on the Web is the Image?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2000/30/image/a

Where Can I Find More Information about this Object?
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/2000/30/

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