General Web Sites
Observatories, Timeless Knowledge (Stanford Solar Center):
http://solar-center.stanford.edu/AO/ An introduction to ancient sites where the movements of celestial
objects were tracked over the years (with a special focus on tracking
Before History by Clive Ruggles and Michael Hoskin (from the
Cambridge Concise History of Astronomy) -- a nice pdf file with
a well-written introduction to ancient astronomy: http://assets.cambridge.org/052157/2916/sample/0521572916web.pdf
Center for Archaeoastronomy at the University of Maryland:
http://www.wam.umd.edu/~tlaloc/archastro/ Good site to learn
more about the serious study of the astronomical relics of ancient
cultures; some parts for the public, some for professionals in the
Astronomy Web Exhibit:
http://ecuip.lib.uchicago.edu/diglib/science/cultural_astronomy/ Modules and resources created with the assistance of Chicago's Adler
Jones and the Astronomy of Yore:
http://www.astrosociety.org/education/publications/tnl/31/31.html Issue of a newsletter on teaching astronomy, focusing on archaeaoastronomy.
Introduction to Archaeoastronomy (Clive Ruggles' 2003 Introductory
Course Notes and Images at the University of Leicester): http://www.le.ac.uk/archaeology/rug/aa/a3015/index.html
Cosmology Education Resource Center at Pomona College:
http://www.astronomy.pomona.edu/archeo/intro.html Bryan Penprase and his collaborators have made this useful introductory
site, which includes a world atlas of ancient astronomy, course
outlines, a timeline and links to other resources.
Folklore from the Stanford Solar Center:
http://solar-center.stanford.edu/folklore/ Myths and legends
about the Sun from cultures around the world.
of the Sun:
http://www.traditionsofthesun.org/ The NASA Sun-Earth Connection
Education Forum site offers virtual visits to Mayan astronomical
sites and Chaco Canyon placed in appropriate historical, cultural,
and scientific contexts.
Multicultural Dimensions to Teach Astronomy:
http://www.astrosociety.org/education/publications/tnl/53/multicultural.html Issue of a newsletter on teaching astronomy, with suggestions for
classroom activities and topics.
Resources about Specific Cultures
Astronomy and People of Color in the U.S.
Jeri What Are You Figuring Now?: A Story about Benjamin Banneker. 1988, Carolrhoda Books. Children's book about 18th century black
astronomer, mathematician, surveyor.
H. & Urama, J. "Participation and Research of Astronomers…
of Black African Descent (1900-2005)" in Holbrook, Jarita,
ed. African Cultural Astronomy. 2008, Springer.
J., et al. "American Minorities in Astronomy: Some Gains,
A Long Way to Go" in Mercury, May/June 1995, p.
11. Multi-author report, with some poignant anecdotal notes.
Gloria "The Stars of Freedom" in Sky & Telescope,
Feb. 1995, p. 36. On how slaves used songs with the Big Dipper to
show them escape routes from the South.
Keivan "Building Bridges to Diversity" in Mercury, May/June 2005, p. 20. The Chair of the Committee on the Status
on Minorities in Astronomy for the American Astronomical Society
discusses what could be done to increase the number of minority
Minorities Broken Astronomy's Glass Ceiling" -- a roundtable
in Astronomy magazine, May 2003, pp. 55-58.
on the Status of Minorities (AAS) Web site:
http://csma.aas.org/ Discussions of and resources about minority
issues in the training of professional astronomers in the U.S.
the Drinking Gourd Educator's Guide (about how slaves used a
song about the Big Dipper to find their way North in the U.S.; note
however, the next reference in our list for some doubts about the
modern song's antiquity): http://www.rapides.k12.la.us/schooltech/david/UR/Educator%20Guide%201.doc
the Drinking Gourd Website:
An amateur music scholar has researched the history of the song
about the Big Dipper more thoroughly and presents his work here.
Astronomy of Native North American Cultures
T. "The Anasazi: Riddles in the Ruins" in National
Geographic, Nov. 1982, p. 554.
J. "America's Ancient Skywatchers" in National
Geographic, vol 177, #3, Mar 1990, p. 76.
E. "Whiter Shade of Pale" in Sky & Telescope, July 2000, p. 86. A rock that looks like the Milky Way and was used
in ceremonies by Native Americans in California.
John The Arctic Sky: Inuit Astronomy, Star Lore and Legend. 1998, Royal Ontario Museum. Astronomical stories and explanations
from Northern Canada and Alaska, including a discussion of interpretations
of the aurora.
J.M. & Putnam, Claudia Prehistoric Astronomy in the Southwest. 1993, Johnson Books. A nice introductory book about cultures
and monuments in the Arizona area.
Nancy & David Begay Sharing the Skies: Navajo and Western
Cosmos. 2006, Indigenous Education Institute & World
Hope Foundation (available from amazon.com). An authoritative compilation
by Navajo and Western astronomers of illustrations, stories, and
observations of Navajo constellations coupled with stories from
corresponding Greek constellations and Hubble Space Telescope images
of objects found in that part of the sky. This is a kit that includes
an audio CD, a small poster of the Dine Universe, and learning activities.
Timothy The Stars We Know: Crow Indian Astronomy and Lifeways. 1997, Waveland.
Dorcas Stars of the First People: Native American Star Myths
and Constellations. 1997, Pruett.
Jean & Williamson, Ray They Dance the Sky: Native American
Star Myths. 1987, Houghton Mifflin. Skylore from a number
of tribes retold.
Ray Living the Sky: The Cosmos of the American Indian.
1984, Houghton Mifflin/University of Oklahoma Press. The sky world
of the Native Americans, through their tales and their observing
Star Knowledge: Native American Astronomy: http://www.kstrom.net/isk/stars/starmenu.html
Chaco Canyon Site: http://www.exploratorium.edu/chaco/index.html
and Native Americans (Gary Kronk):
Astronomy in the Pre-historic Southwest (P. Charbonneau, et al): http://www.hao.ucar.edu/education/archeoIndex.php