Astronomy of Islamic Cultures
I. & Khalid Shaukat, S. "Muslim Moon Sightings" in Mercury, May/June 1995, p. 38. The Muslim calendar and
sighting the first crescent moon.
Owen "Islamic Astronomy" in Scientific American, April 1986, vol. 254, p74.
and Islamic Astronomy (Leslie Welser): http://www.starteachastronomy.com/arab.html
Role of Astronomy in Islam (Dr. Shirin Haque-Copilah): http://moonsighting.com/articles/roleofislam.html
of Eclipses in Muslim Astronomy: http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=810
Visibility of a Lunar Crescent Site (some easy, some technical): http://www.saao.ac.za/public-info/sun-moon-stars/moon-index/lunar-crescent-visibility/first-visibility-of-lunar-crescent/
Astronomy of Hawaiian, Polynesian, and Native Australian Cultures
E.H. & Crowe, Richard Stars Over Hawaii, 2nd ed.
2002, Petroglyph Press (available from BasicallyBooks.com). An introduction
to the stars as seen from Hawaii and their use as navigation aids
in traditional Hawaiian voyaging.
Ben Hokule'a: The Way to Tahiti. 1976, Dodd Mead.
An anthropologist describes recreating the voyages of the ancient
Polynesians using the stars to navigate. Updated in his Sailing
in the Wake of the Ancestors: Reviving Polynesian Voyaging. 2004, Bishop Museum Press.
R. "Dreaming the Sky" in Sky & Telescope,
Sep. 1997, p. 72. On the astronomical ideas in Australian aborigines
Maud The Morning Star Rises: An Account of Polynesian Astronomy. 1941, Yale University Press.
to Maori Star Lore (New Zealand): http://www.astronomynz.org.nz/maori-astronomy/taatai-arorangi-maori-astronomy-2.html
Voyaging Society: http://pvs.kcc.hawaii.edu/
Astronomy of Asian Cultures
Shigeru A History of Japanese Astronomy. 1969, Harvard
University Press. From ancient times through the 19th century, with
a look at Chinese influences.
Anna "Visiting the Moon Lady" in Mercury,
Jul/Aug. 2006, p. 24. On Chinese moon legends and how they continue
to be used in cultural celebrations.
http://www.chinapage.com/astronomy/astronomy.html (this site
is potpourri of all kinds of information)
Mathematics of the Chinese Calendar (by Helmer Aslaksen of the
National University of Singapore): http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/calendar/chinese.shtml
in China (on the spread of Copernican ideas by Nathan Sivin
of the University of Pennsylvania): http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/~nsivin/cop.pdf
Lunar Calendar in Japan: http://www2.gol.com/users/stever/calendar.htm
of Korean Astronomy:
http://www.hawaii.edu/korea/biblio/sci_astronomy.html (This is a nice list of articles, but mostly in scholarly journals.)
Some Technical Volumes
Alan, ed. Astronomy for Developing Countries. 2001,
International Astronomical Union. Published by the Astronomical
Society of the Pacific (www.astrosociety.org).
Describes the many challenges of starting or continuing astronomy
programs in countries without an extensive science infrastructure.
Brian & Dearborn, David Astronomy and Empire in the Ancient
Andes: The Cultural Origins of Inca Sky Watching. 1995,
University of Texas Press. Scholarly exposition.
Clive & Saunders, Nicholas, eds. Astronomies and Cultures. 1993, University Press of Colorado. Papers about Chinese, Japanese,
Islamic, and Mesoamerican cultures.
Clive, et al, eds. Songs from the Sky: Indigenous Astronomical
and Cosmological Traditions of the World. 2005, Ocarina
Books. Proceedings of a 1983 international conference on ethnoastronomy
(OK, so it took a while to publish). 32 papers about the sky knowledge,
folklore and art of cultures around the world.
Helaine, ed. Astronomy Across Cultures: The History of Non-western
Astronomy. 2000, Kluwer. A series of scholarly articles
on the ancient astronomical traditions and monuments of a wide range
Ray & Farrer, Claire, eds. Earth and Sky: Visions of the
Cosmos in Native American Folklore. 1992, University of
New Mexico Press. Collection of essays.
Dearborn's bibliography of technical and nontechnical readings in
archaeoastronomy can be found at: http://archaeology.about.com/od/archaeoastronomy/a/dearborn_bib.htm