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Women in Astronomy: An Introductory Resource Guide to Materials in English

 

3. Material on Some Specific Women Astronomers of the Past (continued)

Antonia MauryMaury, Antonia (1866-1952)

Armstrong, Mabel Women Astronomers: Reaching for the Stars. 2008, Stone Pine Press. This book for teens has a chapter on Maury.

Hearnshaw, John The Analysis of Starlight. 1986, Cambridge U. Press. See Chapter 5.

Hoffleit, Dorrit "Antonia Maury" in Sky & Telescope, Mar. 1952, p. 106.

Jones, Bessie & Boyd, Lyle The Harvard College Observatory (1839-1919). 1971, Harvard U. Press. See Chapter 5 and 11 on Maury's work with spectra.

Web Site:

Biography on the Woman Astronomer site:
http://www.womanastronomer.com/amaury.htm

table of contents

Maria Mitchell
Courtesy National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration / Department of Commerce

Mitchell, Maria (1818-1889)

Albers, Henry, ed. Maria Mitchell: A Life in Journals and Letters. 2001, College Avenue Press. Many excerpts from her writings, interspersed with biographical information.

Armstrong, Mabel Women Astronomers: Reaching for the Stars. 2008, Stone Pine Press. This book for teens has a chapter on Mitchell.

Belserene, Emelia "Maria Mitchell: 19th Century Astronomer" in Astronomy Quarterly, vol. 5, no. 19, p. 133 (1986).

Camp, Carole American Astronomers: Searchers and Wonderers. 1996, Enslow. One chapter of this book for teen readers is devoted to Mitchell's life and work.

Gormley, Beatrice Maria Mitchell: The Soul of an Astronomer. 1995, Eerdmans Publishing. A book for youngsters.

Kidwell, P. "Three Women of American Astronomy" in American Scientist, May/June 1990, p. 244.

Kohlstedt, S. "Maria Mitchell and the Advancement of Women in Science" in P. Abir-Am &
Outram, D., eds. Uneasy Careers and Intimate Lives: Women in Science 1789-1979. 1987, Rutgers U. Press.

Matyas, C. "Maria Mitchell: First Woman Astronomer in America" in Science Digest, Aug. 1961, vol. 50, no. 8, p. 51.

McPherson, Stephanie Rooftop Astronomer: A Story about Maria Mitchell. 1990, CarolRhoda Books. For younger children.

Merriam, Eve, ed. Growing Up Female in America: Ten Lives. 1971, Doubleday. Has excerpts from Mitchell's diary in the section about her (pp. 75-92).

Morgan, Helen Maria Mitchell: First Lady of American Astronomy. 1977, Westminster. For children.

Opalko, J. "Maria Mitchells' Haunting Legacy" in Sky & Telescope, May 1992, p. 505.

Wright, Helen Sweeper in the Sky: The Life of Maria Mitchell. 1950, Macmillan. (Recently updated and reprinted by College Avenue Press.)

Web Sites:

Brief Biography at Distinguished Women Web Site:
http://www.distinguishedwomen.com/biographies/mitchell.html

Brief biography at the Maria Mitchell House Preservation Web Site:
http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/travel/pwwmh/ma74.htm

Brief Biography at Women Working Web Site:
http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/ww/people_mitchell.html

Harriet Townsend's 1916 Reminiscences about her:
http://womenshistory.about.com/library/etext/bl_townsend_mitchell.htm

An 1889 Letter from one of her Students at the Time of her Death: http://womenshistory.about.com/library/etext/bl_maria_mitchell.htm

An 1886 Profile:
http://www.female-ancestors.com/daughters/mitchell.htm

Brief Biography from the ASP's Women in Astronomy Slide Set:
http://astro.berkeley.edu/~gmarcy/women/mitchell.html

Her Entry in the Vassar Encylopedia:
http://vcencyclopedia.vassar.edu/index.php/Maria_Mitchell

table of contents

Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinPayne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia (1900-1979)

Armstrong, Mabel Women Astronomers: Reaching for the Stars. 2008, Stone Pine Press. This book for teens has a chapter on Payne-Gaposchkin.

Bartusiak, Marcia "The Stuff of the Stars" in The Sciences, Sep/Oct. 1993, p. 34. Excerpt on her work from Bartusiak's book, Through a Universe Darkly (1993, HarperCollins.)

Camp, Carole American Astronomers: Searchers and Wonderers. 1996, Enslow. One chapter of this book for teen readers is devoted to her life and work.

Gingerich, Owen "The Most Brilliant Phd Thesis Ever Written in Astronomy" in Phillip, A. & Koopman, R., eds. The Starry Universe: The Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin Centenary. 2001, L. Davis Press. Article is on the web at: http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/unitarians/payne2.html

Greenstein, George "The Ladies of Observatory Hill" in American Scholar, Feb. 1993, p. 437. (Reprinted in his book Portraits of Discovery, 1998, John Wiley.)

Haramundanis, Katherine, ed. Cecilia Payne Gaposchkin: An Autobiography and Notes, 2nd ed. 1996, Cambridge U. Press.

Hearnshaw, John The Analysis of Starlight. 1986, Cambridge U. Press. See Chapter 2.

Hufbauer, Karl Exploring the Sun. 1991, Johns Hopkins. Chapter 3 discusses Payne's work, among others.

Kidwell, Peggy "Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin: Astronomy in the Family" in P. Abir-Am & Outram, D., eds. Uneasy Careers and Intimate Lives: Women in Science 1789-1979. 1987, Rutgers U. Press.

Kidwell, Peggy "Three Women of American Astronomy" in American Scientist, May/June 1990, p. 244.

Smith, E. "Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin" in Physics Today, June 1980, p. 64.

Soter, Steven & Tyson, Neil, eds. Cosmic Horizons. 2001, New Press. See p. 75ff

Whitney, Charles "Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin: An Astronomer's Astronomer" in Sky & Telescope, Mar. 1980, p. 212.

Web Sites:

Brief Biography at Harvard Square Library Page:
http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/unitarians/cpg.html

Two Excellent Articles on her Work and Life:
http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/unitarians/payne2.html

Biographical Outline at UCLA Contributions of Women to Physics Page:
http://www.physics.ucla.edu/~cwp/Phase2/Payne-Gaposchkin,_Cecilia_Helena
@861234567.html

Brief Biography and Story of her Centenary Celebrations:
http://www.aavso.org/publications/newsletter/number25/cecilia.shtml

Brief Biography from the ASP's Women in Astronomy Slide Set:
http://astro.berkeley.edu/~gmarcy/women/cecilia.html

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Dorothea Klumpke RobertsRoberts, Dorothea Klumpke (1861-1942)

Aitken, Robert "Dorothea Klumpke Roberts" in Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Dec. 1942, vol. 54, p. 217.

Bracher, Katherine "Dorothea Klumpke Roberts: A Forgotten Astronomer" in Mercury, Sep/Oct. 1981, p. 139.

Reynolds, J. "Dorothea Klumpke Roberts" in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 104, no. 2, p. 92 (1944).

Weitzenhoffer, Kenneth "The Triumph of Dorothea Klumpke" in Sky & Telescope, Aug. 1986, p. 109.

Web Sites:

Biography by Don Stone:
http://www.aanc-astronomy.org/articles/dorothea.html

About her Pioneering Balloon Flights:
http://leonids.arc.nasa.gov/Klumpke.html and
http://www.whiteoaks.com/jane/leonidklumpke/dorothea.txt

Brief Biography on SMSO site:
http://www.smso.net/Dorothea_Klumpke-Roberts

table of contents

Charlotte Moore SitterlySitterly, Charlotte Moore (1898-1990)

Garton, W. & Martin, W. "Obituary for C. M. Sitterly" in Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 32, pp. 209-10 (1991).

Martin, W. "Charlotte Sitterly" in Physics Today, vol. 44, p. 128 (Apr. 1991).

Morrison, Nancy & Fraknoi, Andrew "The Award of the 1990 Bruce Medal to Charlotte Moore Sitterly" in Mercury (the magazine of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific), Nov/Dec. 1990, p. 179.

Sitterly, Charlotte Moore, "Collaboration with Henry Norris Russell over the Years," in Philip, A.G. Davis & David H. DeVorkin, eds., In Memory of Henry Norris Russell. 1977, Dudley Observatory, pp. 27-41.

Tousey, R. "The Solar Spectrum from Fraunhofer to Skylab: An Appreciation of the Contributions of Charlotte Moore Sitterly" in Journal of the Optical Society of America, Series B, vol. 5, p. 2230 (Oct. 1988).

Web Sites:

Profile connected with the Bruce Medal:
http://www.phys-astro.sonoma.edu/BruceMedalists/Sitterly/index.html

Biography on Answers.com:
http://www.answers.com/topic/charlotte-e-moore

Brief Biography from the World Encyclopedia of Biography:
http://www.bookrags.com/biography/charlotte-e-moore/

Obituary from Physics Today:
http://ptonline.aip.org/getpdf/servlet/GetPDFServlet?filetype=pdf
&id=PHTOAD000044000004000128000001&idtype=cvips

Obituary from the Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society:
http://adsbit.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-iarticle_query?bibcode=1991BAAS...23.1492R

table of contents

Mary SomervilleSomerville, Mary (1780-1872)

Alic, Margaret Hypatia's Heritage: A History of Women in Science. 1986, Beacon Press. Chapter 12 has a good section on her work.

Bruck, M. "Mary Somerville: Mathematician and Astronomer of Underused Talent" in Journal of the British Astronomical Association, Aug. 1996, vol. 106, p. 201.

Chapman, Allan The Victorian Amateur Astronomer. 1998, Wiley/Praxis. See especially pp. 276ff.

Chapman, Allan Mary Somerville and the World of Science. 2004, Canopus Books.

Neeley, Kathryn Mary Somerville: Science, Illumination, and the Female Mind. 2001, Cambridge University Press.

Patterson, E. "Mary Somerville" in British Journal for the History of Science, vol. 4, p. 311 (1969). Long profile.

Weitzenhoffer, Kenneth "The Education of Mary Somerville" in Sky & Telescope, Feb. 1987, p. 138.

Web Sites:

Biography at About.com:
http://space.about.com/od/astronomerbiographies/a/marysomerville.htm

Biography at Mac Tutor:
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Somerville.html

From Biographies of Women Mathematicians:
http://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/somer.htm

Bruck's Article (see above) on line:
http://adsbit.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-iarticle_query?bibcode=1996JBAA..106..201B

Brief Biography at Women in Math:
http://www.mathnews.uwaterloo.ca/BestOf/WomenInMath7105.html

Brief Biography at Burntisland Site:
http://www.burntisland.net/mabon.htm

BBC Radio Program about her, with Allan Chapman (audio): http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/science/thematerialworld_20040826.shtml

Interesting essay by Paula Gould from Science, wondering if her life story (and Caroline Herschel's) has been whitewashed by history:
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/sci;296/5574/1805

Transcript of a brief broadcast about her on Australian radio:
http://www.abc.net.au/rn/science/ockham/stories/s306256.htm

table of contents

Beatrice TinsleyTinsley, Beatrice (1941-1981)

Armstrong, Mabel Women Astronomers: Reaching for the Stars. 2008, Stone Pine Press. This book for teens has a chapter on Tinsley.

Eisberg, Joann "Making a Science of Observational Cosmology: The Cautious Optimism of Beatrice Tinsley" in Journal for the History of Astronomy, vol. 32, p. 264 (2001).

Faber, Sandra "Beatrice Tinsley" in Physics Today, vol. 34, p. 110 (Sept. 1981).

Hill, Edward My Daughter Beatrice. 1986, American Physical Society.

Larson, R. & Stryker, L. "Beatrice Hill Tinsley" in Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 23, p. 162 (1982).

Overbye, Dennis Lonely Hearts of the Cosmos. 1992, HarperCollins. An introduction to modern cosmology; material on Tinsley is in Chapter 10.

Trimble, Virginia "Beatrice Tinsley" in Visit to a Small Universe. 1992, American Institute of Physics Press.

Web Sites:

Biography by Virginia Trimble (pdf file):
http://www.ias.ac.in/womeninscience/Tinsley.pdf

Biography at New Zealand Edge page:
http://www.nzedge.com/heroes/tinsley.html

Biography by Michele Nichols on Carleton College site: http://www.carleton.edu/departments/PHAS/astro/pages/michele/tinsley.html

Paper about her life and work by Margaret Turner:
http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mturner/women/bmt.htm

Brief Biography from the ASP's Women in Astronomy Slide Set:
http://astro.berkeley.edu/~gmarcy/women/tinsley.html

Eisberg article (see above):
http://www.shpltd.co.uk/eisberg-tinsley.pdf

Brief Biography in the Handbook of Texas:
http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/TT/fti12.html

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