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The Astronomical Society of the Pacific gratefully acknowledges the partnership of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) and Pima Community College.

AGU logo

American Geophysical Union

NOAO logo

National Optical Astronomy Observatory

Pima Community College logo

Pima Community College


The Astronomical Society of the Pacific gratefully acknowledges the following sponsors for their generous support in making this meeting possible.


NLSI logo

NASA Lunar Science Institute

IPAC logo

Infrared Processing and Analysis Center

Herschel Science Center

NASA Herschel Science Center



Spitzer Science Center

Spitzer Science Center

Thirty Meter Telescope logo

Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT)

Exoplanet/JPL/NASA logo

NASA's Exoplanet Exploration Program
(managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory)

SOFIA logo

Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA)

NRAO logo

National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO)

Sky-Skan logo


University of Chicago press

The University of Chicago Press

Lockheed Martin

Lockheed Martin

Capitol College logo

Capitol College

Ball Aerospace logo

Ball Aerospace

AAS logo

The American Astronomical Society and its Education Office

Flandrau Science Center

Flandrau Science Center

Seiler instrument logo

Seiler Instrument

Explore Scientific logo

Explore Scientific

MWT logo

MWT Associates

American Elements logo

American Elements