Astronomical Society of the Pacific Honors Dr. Sandra Moore Faber with Prestigious Bruce Gold Medal Award
May 30, 2012
The Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP), one of the oldest and most respected astronomy societies in the U.S., has announced that Dr. Sandra Moore Faber is the 2012 recipient of its Catherine Wolfe Bruce Gold Medal. Dr. Faber, of the University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC), is recognized for her lifetime achievements in astronomical research.
Dr. Faber earned her bachelor's degree in physics at Swarthmore College in 1966 and her Ph.D. in astronomy at Harvard University in 1972. Since 1972, she has worked at UCSC and with the University of California Observatories/Lick Observatory, contributing fundamental advances in the understanding of dark matter, the formation of galaxies and black holes in galactic cores, and the large-scale structure of the universe. With colleague Robert E. Jackson, she discovered the "Faber-Jackson relation," which related the orbital velocities of stars in galactic centers to their luminosities, providing a means for estimating distances to galaxies. Faber and collaborators discovered "The Great Attractor," a localized concentration of mass toward which the Milky Way and neighboring galaxies are being pulled, and conducted ground-breaking research on super-massive black holes in the centers of nearly all nearby galaxies.
In 1979, she wrote a review establishing the notion that galaxies must be surrounded by invisible halos of "dark matter," and subsequently worked with several colleagues to develop a comprehensive picture of galaxy evolution in which the gravitational pull of dark matter is essential to the formation of galaxies and in shaping the large-scale structure of the universe.
"Sandy Faber's pioneering research has had enormous influence on our understanding of the universe," said UCSC Chancellor George Blumenthal who also serves as professor of astronomy and astrophysics. "In addition to making important discoveries on the formation of galaxies and the evolution of the universe, she has been a leader in the development of new telescopes and astronomical instruments that continue to yield new insights."
Faber's role in developing new instrumentation has included serving as a member of the Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field Camera team, assisting in the diagnosis of Hubble's mirror flaw after launch, and serving on the team that proposed the successful recovery strategy that restored Hubble's potential. She also led the development of the Deep-Imaging Multi-Object Spectrograph (DEIMOS), used with the Keck Observatories in Hawaii to survey the physical properties of distant galaxies, and is a leader of major efforts with both Hubble and Keck to survey thousands of distant galaxies to characterize and document the evolution of galaxies over the history of the universe.
"It's hard to find words to express the amazement and pleasure that news of receiving the Bruce award has given me," said Dr. Faber. "Reading a list of previous winners is like reading a Who's Who of great astronomers of the twentieth century astronomy. It is an additional pleasure to note that I am following in the footsteps of seven previous Lick Observatory/UCO astronomers who have won this medal, including, most recently, Don Osterbrock, Robert Kraft, George Herbig, and Albert Whitford. The Bruce Medal is truly the thrill of a lifetime."
Established by Catherine Wolfe Bruce and first awarded in 1898, the Bruce Medal has honored many of the most accomplished and influential astronomers of the past century, a period of extraordinary change in human understanding of the universe.
"Professor Faber has influenced observational cosmology in extraordinary ways over the past 30 years," said ASP executive director, Jim Manning. "We are very pleased to recognize her achievements, and hope that her remarkable career serves to inspire those who wish to explore and seek greater understanding of our world and the worlds around us."
Founded in 1889 in San Francisco, the ASP's mission is to increase the understanding and appreciation of astronomy--by engaging scientists, educators, enthusiasts and the public--to advance science and science literacy. The ASP publishes both scholarly and educational materials, conducts professional development programs for formal and informal educators, and holds conferences, symposia and workshops for astronomers and educators specializing in education and public outreach. The ASP's programs are funded by corporations, private foundations, the National Science Foundation, NASA, private donors, and its own members.
Information about the ASP can be found online at http://www.astrosociety.org/about.html. More information about the Society's awards and past winners can be found at http://www.astrosociety.org/membership/awards/awards.html.