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Vol. 504 – Coimbra Solar Physics Meeting: Ground-based Solar Observations in the Space Instrumentation Era

Volume CS-504
Editor(s): Dorotovic, I.; Fischer, C.; Temmer, M.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-892-3
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-893-0
Published: 2016

In October 2015 the Observatório Geofísico e Astronómico da Universidade de Coimbra in Portugal (OGAUC, the Geophysical and Astronomical Observatory of the University of Coimbra) invited the international solar astronomy community to Coimbra for the second time to discuss the state-of-art of solar ground-based and space-based observing techniques and topics related to solar astronomy.

These proceedings provide a comprehensive overview of solar phenomena observed over the entire electromagnetic spectrum studied for a wide range of scientific purposes. The topics included in this book cover the quiet and active Sun, including solar magnetism and eruptive phenomena, and long-term variations of the Sun, including solar irradiation variations and space weather changes.

The volume also discusses advances in theory and modeling, with comparison to observations, spectro-polarimetric data processing techniques, and solar image data management. An additional section on existing facilities and future perspectives in the field of solar observations gives a glimpse of the exciting times ahead. The extensive reviews on controversial topics in solar physics, such as quiet sun magnetism and the status and need for long-term synoptic observations and future instrumentation projects, make the book a valuable reference for researchers and graduate students pursuing research in ground-based and space-based solar observations.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version.

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Vol. 503 – Calibrating Large Surveys and Future Facilities

Volume CS-503
Editor(s): Deustua, S.; Allam, S.; Tucker, D.; Smith, J. A.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-890-9
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-891-6
Published: 2016

In the Spring of 2012, a group of 65 researchers gathered at Fermilab to discuss their work, exchange ideas, and form new collaborations in the important area of the calibration and standardization of large surveys and missions in astronomy and astrophysics. The primary goal of this conference was to foster communication among the various large surveys and missions – allowing for the exchange of information regarding calibration requirements, methodologies, and strategies for meeting those requirements – for the benefit of all.

The intent of this volume is to document the state-of-the-art of the science of calibration in this critical area and, we hope, to begin to lay the foundation for establishing common, minimum standards for calibration across the electromagnetic spectrum. Topics include the broad areas of astrometry, photometry, and spectrophotometry. A relative novelty of this conference and these proceedings is coverage of these topics spanning wavelength regimes from the very short (x-ray) to the very long (radio and millimeter), and not restricting discussion merely to the traditional ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared wavelengths. Common issues discussed include the definition and maintenance of standard systems, inter-calibration between systems, the effects of Earth’s atmosphere on calibrations, and the calibration of instruments and telescopes before and after deployment. As a whole, the papers in this volume cover the challenges in providing the accurate and precise calibrations necessary to achieve the demanding science objectives of 21st Century surveys and missions.

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Vol. 502 – Frontiers in Radio Astronomy and FAST Early Sciences Symposium 2015

Volume CS-502
Editor(s): Lei Qian
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-888-6
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-889-3
Published: 2016

The Five hundred meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST) in Guizhou Province, China will be the world’s largest single dish radio telescope when completed in September 2016. FAST will revolutionize radio astronomy in the band from 70 MHz to 3 GHz. A good telescope needs good science objectives and operation plans. With first light of the FAST telescope rapidly approaching, the National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) and Guizhou Normal University organized the “Frontiers in Radio Astronomy (FRA) 2015” symposium to discuss the early science programs and operational planning for FAST. This is the 2nd FRA symposium; the first one was held in 2012. More than 100 astronomers from around the world working in radio astronomy and other related fields attended this meeting. Topics discussed included pulsars, star formation, evolved stars, cosmology, and past, current, and future radio instrumentation. This volume will be of interest to astronomers and engineers interested in FAST and the impact it will have on radio astronomy around the world.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version. If you wish to use our printable order form and mail or fax it to us, you will need to include your email address on this form in order to receive electronic access to the purchased volume(s).

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Vol. 501 – Inspiration of Astronomical Phenomena VIII

Volume CS-501
Editor(s): Brian P. Abbott
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-886-2
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-883-1
Published: 2015

For millennia, the night sky has provided continuity to the ancient cultures of our forebears. Although the star-filled night sky has largely disappeared for most of us in this age of electricity, advancements in science and technology have sustained astronomy as a unifying force in our imagination. The Inspiration of Astronomical Phenomena (INSAP) examines how astronomy influences past and present cultures. The conference brought together experts in art, architecture, music, literature, history, and archeology, who investigate the role astronomy plays in their fields of study. INSAP participants approach these topics from a variety of directions. Some are moved to explore the minds of historical artists or scientists. Others are inspired to create original works of art, music, or literature. Still others explore relationships between these topics through science and visualization.INSAP VIII, City of Stars, brought together people who study astronomy’s influence on topics as diverse as Shapley and Superman, Petra and Padua, and calendars and cathedrals. This volume demonstrates that astronomy has been, and remains, an important part of our culture, and that it enriches our heritage and experience on earth.

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Vol. 500 – Celebrating Science: Putting Education Best Practices to Work

Volume CS-500
Editor(s): Schultz, G.; Buxner, S.; Shore, L.; Barnes, J.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-884-8
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-885-5
Published: 2015

In August 2014, a community of science education and public outreach (EPO) professionals, astronomy instructors, scientists, formal and informal educators, science communicators, and others gathered at the Hyatt Regency in Burlingame, California, to share their knowledge and experiences around seven major conference themes: (1) Engaging with 21st Century Media and Technology, (2) Enhancing Science Communication Skills and Practices, (3) Evaluating, Assessing and Documenting EPO Impacts, (4) Improving Our Professional Practice, (5) Promoting Multicultural Diversity and Gender Equity, (6) Supporting the Next generation Science Standards (NGSS), and (7) Using Authentic Science and Citizen Science.

This gathering of experts in science communication, college teaching, education research and policy, public science engagement, and K-12 science teacher professional development shared best practices, metrics, challenges, opportunities, and results. This volume serves as a record of the meeting and includes the transcripts and summaries of many of the presentations given at the conference.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version.

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Vol. 499 – Revolution in Astronomy with ALMA: The Third Year

Volume CS-499
Editor(s): Iono, D.; Tatematsu, K.; Wootten, A.; Testi, L.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-882-4
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-883-1
Published: 2015

The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) has been producing a growing number of impressive and scientifically compelling results as the most powerful millimeter and submillimeter wavelength interferometer in the world. Held in central Tokyo, the aim of this four-day conference was to highlight the most recent science results from ALMA obtained during the first three years of science operations, and to motivate future collaboration among researchers around the world. The science topics included all fields of astronomy, from cosmology and galaxies in the distant universe, to nearby galaxies and the Galactic Center, the ISM and star formation in our own galaxy, astrochemistry, stellar evolution, circumstellar disks, exoplanets, the solar system, and the Sun. Results reported by the approximately 300 astronomers who attended may be found within this volume.

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Vol. 498 – Numerical Modeling of Space Plasma Flows ASTRONUM-2014

Volume CS-498
Editor(s): Pogorelov, N.; Audit, E.; Zank, G.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-880-0
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-881-7
Published: 2015

This Volume contains the Proceedings of ASTRONUM-2014, the ninth meeting in a series of international conferences organized by the Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, U.S.A. and Maison de la Simulation, CEA-CNRS-INRIAUPsud- UVSQ, France. The subjects of the conference included such topics as turbulence and cosmic ray transport, astrophysical and space plasma flows, kinetic and hybrid simulations, numerical methods, algorithms, and frameworks. All of these topics are of great importance to scientists investigating solar structure, the heliosphere, the Sun-Earth connection, and various astrophysical phenomena related to plasma flows.

The plasma phenomena discussed at the conference are characterized by different temporal and spatial scales, regions, and particle populations, for which different sets of defining equations or concepts are necessary to understand the physical systems in their entirety. This book will be of interest to specialists in applied mathematics, astrophysics, space physics, and computer science working on the application of novel numerical algorithms to contemporary problems arising in these fields. It will also be useful to graduate students who want to get acquainted with the fundamental approaches to solving magnetohydrodynamic and kinetic equations governing space plasma flows.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version.

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Vol. 497 – Why Galaxies Care about AGB Stars III: A Closer Look in Space and Time

Volume CS-497
Editor(s): Kerschbaum, F.; Wing, R. F.; Hron, J.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-878-7
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-897-4
Published: 2015

These proceedings demonstrate the relevance of Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) stars and stellar astrophysics as a whole for our understanding of galactic structure and evolution. The meeting, a follow-up to earlier ones in 2006 and 2010, brought together astronomers studying AGB stars, galactic evolution, stellar populations and instrumentation.

What do we know about the complex physics of the atmospheres of AGB stars? What about their environments? How does being part of a binary system or the interaction with the interstellar medium influence their mass loss properties? How does the AGB mass loss process affect the hosting stellar systems, both on galactic and extragalactic scales? Finally, what new possibilities do recently-developed and future instruments and capabilities offer? These were the main questions we discussed during this conference.

This book is suitable for researchers and graduate students interested in stellar and extragalactic astrophysics, the physical processes related to nucleosynthesis, radiative hydrodynamics, stellar pulsation, mass loss, and the chemical evolution of stellar systems. Those looking for recent developments in relevant astronomical instrumentation will also find valuable information herein.

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Vol. 496 – Living Together: Planets, Host Stars and Binaries

Volume CS-496
Editor(s): Rucinski, S. M.; Torres, G.; Zejda, M.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-876-3
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-877-0
Published: 2015

This volume contains the proceedings of a cross-disciplinary science conference that took place in the historic city of Litomyšl in the Eastern Czech Republic on 8-12 September 2014 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the birth in this city of Zdeněk Kopal, one of the most famous Czech astronomers of the 20th century. The meeting attracted over 120 experts in the fields of binary stars and planets from more than 25 countries around the world.

Binary stars and planets form and evolve through processes involving redistribution and evolution of the angular momentum of collapsing interstellar clouds, through several dissipation and re-organization mechanisms. Both types of objects are studied in similar ways, with methods and tools developed by the binary-star community over many years, but now extensively applied to study planets. The theory and observation of these processes are now rapidly advancing and leading to new and exciting results, which made this meeting a timely opportunity for discussion and vigorous exchange of ideas.

This volume will be of interest to researchers wishing to learn about new observational projects related to many aspects of binary star physics, as well as the discovery and characterization of exoplanets, particularly planets in binary star systems. Included as well are many presentations describing ongoing research on close and interacting binary stars, which was a subject close to the scientific interests of Zdeněk Kopal, as embodied in his monumental monograph “Close Binary Systems” (1959).

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version.

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Vol. 495 – Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems XXIV (ADASS XXIV)

Volume CS-495
Editor(s): Taylor, A. R.; Rosolowsky, E.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-874-9
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-875-6
Published: 2015

This volume of the ASP Conference Series contains the proceedings of the twenty-fourth conference on Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems. This annual conference, held in a different location each year, is a forum for scientists, systems developers, and programmers working in areas related to algorithms, software, and systems for the acquisition, reduction, analysis, and dissemination of astronomical data.

Development of software and systems for processing and analyzing astronomical data is a rapidly evolving field. Advances in detector technologies and data acquisition systems at astronomical observatories over the past decades has created massive and ever growing archives of astronomical data, creating challenges in data curation, data management, and access to both historical and current data. At the same time, new large-scale sky surveys from gamma-ray to radio-wave radiation require intelligent pipeline processing systems to turn raw data into useable information in a timely fashion. Major facilities on the horizon, such as the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope and the Square Kilometre Array, will create data at unprecedented rates, driving a need for scalable solutions to processing, analysis, and visualisation challenges for astronomical Big Data.

To share ideas and directions on the latest developments, ADASS XXIV contributors addressed the following themes: Big Data challenges, large surveys, Web services and APIs, how we code today for data analysis and pipelines, meta-data management, visualisation for astronomy, and file formats for astronomical data.

This volume contains 128 papers representing the invited, contributed, and poster papers presented at the conference, as well as “Birds of a Feather” sessions and demonstrations of new software systems.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version.

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