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Vol.497 – Why Galaxies Care about AGB Stars III: A Closer Look in Space and Time

Volume CS-497
Editor(s): Kerschbaum, F.; Wing, R. F.; Hron, J.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-878-7
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-897-4
Published: 2015

These proceedings demonstrate the relevance of Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) stars and stellar astrophysics as a whole for our understanding of galactic structure and evolution. The meeting, a follow-up to earlier ones in 2006 and 2010, brought together astronomers studying AGB stars, galactic evolution, stellar populations and instrumentation.

What do we know about the complex physics of the atmospheres of AGB stars? What about their environments? How does being part of a binary system or the interaction with the interstellar medium influence their mass loss properties? How does the AGB mass loss process affect the hosting stellar systems, both on galactic and extragalactic scales? Finally, what new possibilities do recently-developed and future instruments and capabilities offer? These were the main questions we discussed during this conference.

This book is suitable for researchers and graduate students interested in stellar and extragalactic astrophysics, the physical processes related to nucleosynthesis, radiative hydrodynamics, stellar pulsation, mass loss, and the chemical evolution of stellar systems. Those looking for recent developments in relevant astronomical instrumentation will also find valuable information herein.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version.

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Vol. 496 – Living Together: Planets, Host Stars and Binaries

Volume CS-496
Editor(s): Rucinski, S. M.; Torres, G.; Zejda, M.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-876-3
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-877-0
Published: 2015

This volume contains the proceedings of a cross-disciplinary science conference that took place in the historic city of Litomyšl in the Eastern Czech Republic on 8-12 September 2014 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the birth in this city of Zdeněk Kopal, one of the most famous Czech astronomers of the 20th century. The meeting attracted over 120 experts in the fields of binary stars and planets from more than 25 countries around the world.

Binary stars and planets form and evolve through processes involving redistribution and evolution of the angular momentum of collapsing interstellar clouds, through several dissipation and re-organization mechanisms. Both types of objects are studied in similar ways, with methods and tools developed by the binary-star community over many years, but now extensively applied to study planets. The theory and observation of these processes are now rapidly advancing and leading to new and exciting results, which made this meeting a timely opportunity for discussion and vigorous exchange of ideas.

This volume will be of interest to researchers wishing to learn about new observational projects related to many aspects of binary star physics, as well as the discovery and characterization of exoplanets, particularly planets in binary star systems. Included as well are many presentations describing ongoing research on close and interacting binary stars, which was a subject close to the scientific interests of Zdeněk Kopal, as embodied in his monumental monograph “Close Binary Systems” (1959).

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version.

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Vol. 494 – Physics and Evolution of Magnetic and Related Stars

Volume CS-494
Editor(s): Kudryavtsev, D. O.; Balega, Yu. Yu.; Romanyuk, I. I.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-872-5
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-873-2
Published: 2015

Magnetic fields play a key role in the complex process of star formation and evolution. They cause flares, outbursts, and other instabilities in many types of stars. Recent results in the studies of magnetic fields of chemically peculiar and related stars were discussed at the conference. These stars show very strong large-scale magnetic fields, though they generally do not differ from normal stars in other physical characteristics. To determine how strong magnetic fields form, a well-defined sample of stars was observed and the results compared with theoretical predictions.

The findings of the recently-completed long-term MiMeS survey of magnetic fields in O and B-type stars are presented in this volume. A fundamental result has been obtained: 7% of those stars have magnetic fields. Fresh data on the magnetic fields of open cluster members is also presented in this book. For example, the unique magnetic star HD34736 was discovered in the Orion OB1 stellar association. Up-to-date information on the physical parameters and magnetic properties of stars at different stages of evolution is given herein.

We also present new details about proposed programs and instruments in this volume. A new observational and data reduction technique will allow astronomers to achieve a measurement accuracy of 1 Gauss for stars of any type in the very near future. New high-accuracy magnetic field measurements will allow us to determine what makes stars with strong magnetic fields unique.

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Vol. 493 – 19th European Workshop on White Dwarfs

Volume CS-493
Editor(s): Dufour, P.; Bergeron, P.; Fontaine, G.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-870-1
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-871-8
Published: 2015

The 19th European Workshop on White Dwarfs held at the Université de Montréal, Canada, August 11-15, 2014. This meeting was part of a series of biennial conferences founded some 40 years ago by the late Professor Volker Weidemann at the University of Kiel, Germany, and which now draws participants from around the globe. Indeed, the European Workshops on White Dwarfs have become the most significant scientific gatherings of researchers interested in this type of stars. These proceedings constitute a snapshot of current research on white dwarf stars suitable for scientists and graduate students studying these important stars.

The 19th European Workshop on White Dwarfs in Montréal was attended by 130 participants from 21 different countries. A large fraction of the attendees were graduate students and postdocs, reflecting the youthfulness and vitality of the white dwarf community. The main scientific topics discussed were: 1) Atmospheres, Abundance Analyses, and Chemical Composition; 2) Structure, Evolution, and Ages; 3) Pulsating White Dwarfs and Asteroseismology; 4) Disks, Dust, and Planets around White Dwarfs; 5) Fundamental Properties of White Dwarfs; 6) Properties of White Dwarf Populations and Clusters; 7) Physical Processes in White Dwarfs; 8) Surveys: Results and Prospects; 9) White Dwarfs in Binaries; 10) Central Stars of Planetary Nebulae; and 11) Supernova Progenitors and Supernovae.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version.

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Vol. 492 – LISA VII: Open Science: At the Frontiers of Librarianship

Volume CS-492
Editor(s): A. Holl, S. Lesteven, D. Dietrich. and A. Gasperini
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-868-8
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-869-5
Published: 2015

These proceedings present a snapshot of the state of librarianship and information services in astronomy. This volume is a part of a series, as the conference was the seventh in the sequence of LISA conferences. The success of the LISA conference series is reflected in the Special Libraries Association Physics-Astronomy-Mathematics Division Award in 2014, which was presented during the conference.

While the print collections of astronomy libraries have been moved to storage at many observatories and departments, digitized texts and data have been made accessible on the internet. The availability, visibility, and processability of vast amounts of information transform science. Astronomers, working with astronomy librarians and informaticians, are pushing the frontiers further and further.

Astronomers use the tools and databases described in this volume every working day (and in this case, every working night). Those who are interested in the machinery behind these services will find interesting contributions in these proceedings.

Astronomy librarians, while helping scientists and students navigate the seas of new information, also have to deal with the preservation of the old information. It is not only books, catalogs, journals, and logbooks of observations that need their attention, but also photographs, drawings, and even instrumentation that require their care. Those interested in the historical side of astronomy will also find interesting papers in these proceedings.

Malcolm Walmsley, Editor of the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, discusses the present and the future of astronomy journals. While the future is difficult to predict, some trends are fairly obvious.

The papers published in the proceedings of the LISA conferences, some of which are available in the ASP Conference Series, provide a record of the progress of scholarly communication.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version.

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Vol. 491 – Fifty Years of Wide Field Studies in the Southern Hemisphere: Resolved Stellar Populatins in the Galactic Bulge and the Magellanic Clouds

Volume CS-491
Editor(s): Points, S.; Kunder, A.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-866-4
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-867-1
Published: 2015

This volume contains the proceedings of the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory’s (CTIO’s) 50th anniversary workshop. The aim of this workshop was to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the site selection of Cerro Tololo by exploring two fields in which the 4-m Victor M. Blanco telescope has played an integral part: the resolved stellar populations of the Galactic bulge and the Magellanic Clouds. Astronomers from many countries converged in La Serena during May 2013 to discuss the significant advances that have been made since our previous workshop, which took place 25 years earlier.

The historical section of this volume discusses how Cerro Tololo was selected as the site for the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) in the Southern hemisphere and the key decisions that its directors made during those early years and through to the present. The majority of this volume details how the 4-m Blanco telescope has played a pioneering role in the field of resolved stellar populations toward the Galactic bulge and Magellanic Clouds. This conference also emphasized the important role that CTIO had in measuring the acceleration of the expansion of the Universe and the discovery of Dark Energy.

Specific examples of scientific topics that were addressed during this workshop include: the formation of the Galactic bulge; the discovery of split horizontal branch stars in Galactic Globular Clusters; variable stars in the Galactic bulge; chemical abundances in the Galactic bulge; and the Magellanic Cloud stellar populations and star formation histories. These proceedings capture the excitement of CTIO’s formative years and describes in detail how the wide-field capabilities of the 4-m Blanco telescope changed our view of the Milky Way and Universe.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version.

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Vol. 490 – Stella Novae: Past and Future Decades

Volume CS-490
Editor(s): Woudt, P. A.; Ribeiro, V. A. R. M.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-864-0
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-865-7
Published: 2014

These proceedings cover the latest results in the field of classical and recurrent novae. From 4-8 February 2013, 86 researchers from 20 different countries came to Cape Town for the fourth international conference on classical and recurrent novae, following earlier meetings in Paris (1976), Madrid (1989), and Sitges (2002).

The scientific program included 5 invited reviews, 13 invited contributions, 39 contributed talks and 29 posters. It covered the full width and breath of nova research, including the latest in multi-dimensional modeling of nova outbursts, the study of gamma-ray emission from novae, thermonuclear eruptions in symbiotic systems, panchromatic observations of novae and nova shells, population studies of Galactic and extragalactic novae, and studies of the evolution of the central binary in novae. These proceedings capture the excitement of recent advances in these different areas of nova research.

A number of individual systems are discussed in detail in these proceedings, including the recurrent nova T Pyxidis. Discussions around T Pyxidis focus on its most recent (2011) outburst, its spectroscopic evolution following the outburst, and its evolutionary trajectory. Infrared interferometric studies of novae highlight recent technological advances, revealing bipolar morphologies in a large number of nova ejecta. Radio observations of novae with SKA-like sensitivities are challenging the simple models from which we derive the ejected mass following a nova outburst, and sensitive gamma-ray observations with Fermi are revealing a large number of novae as gamma-ray sources.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version. If you wish to use our printable order form and mail or fax it to us, you will need to include your email address on this form in order to receive electronic access to the purchased volume(s).

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Vol. 489 – Solar Polarization 7

Volume CS-489
Editor(s): Nagendra, K. N.; Stenflo, J. O.; Qu, Z. Q.; Sampoorna, M.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-862-6
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-863-3
Published: 2014

This volume contains the proceedings of the 7th in a series of international solar polarization workshops that was initiated almost two decades ago. The aim of these workshops has been to explore the Sun and its magnetic field with the tools of spectro-polarimetry.

The theoretical topics discussed herein deal with the physics of the interaction between radiation and matter in magnetized media, including its application to the exploration of the properties of magnetic fields. Observational topics include the design and operation of high-precision imaging Stokes polarimeters for use with both spectrographs and tunable filter systems.

Scientists from many countries converged in Kunming, China during September 2013 to discuss the significant advances that have been made since the previous workshop, which took place three years earlier on Maui, Hawaii.

Examples of topics that were addressed during the seventh workshop include: properties of magnetic fields in the quiet and active Sun, particularly at scales far smaller than the resolution limit of telescopes; scattering polarization and its use to diagnose magnetic fields in regimes not accessible using the Zeeman effect; polarized radiative transfer with partial frequency redistribution, quantum interference, hyperfine structure, optical pumping, and numerical techniques to solve 3-D radiative transfer problems; and various innovative instrumentation projects in ground-based and space-based polarimetry. This proceedings volume captures the discussions during the workshop and provides an updated overview of the state of the art in this rapidly evolving front-line area of solar and stellar astrophysics.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version. If you wish to use our printable order form and mail or fax it to us, you will need to include your email address on this form in order to receive electronic access to the purchased volume(s).

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Vol. 488 – 8th International Conference of Numerical Modeling of Space Plasma Flows (ASTRONUM 2013)

Volume CS-488
Editor(s): Pogorelov, N. V.; Audit, E.; Zank, G. P.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-860-2
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-861-9
Published: 2014

This Volume contains the Proceedings of ASTRONUM-2013, the eighth in a series of international conferences organized by the Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research at the University of Alabama in Huntsville and Maison de la Simulation, a joint laboratory affiliated with the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation (INRIA), University of Paris-Sud, and University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ).

The subjects of the conference included such topics as turbulence and cosmic ray transportation, astrophysical and space plasma flows, kinetic and hybrid simulations, numerical methods, algorithms, and frameworks. All of these topics are of great importance to scientists investigating solar structure, the heliosphere, the Sun-Earth connection, and various other astrophysical phenomena.

The scientific problems discussed at the conference are characterized by different temporal and spatial scales, regions, or particle populations, for which different sets of defining equations or concepts are necessary to understand the physical systems in their entirety. This book will be of interest to specialists in applied mathematics, astrophysics, space physics, and computer science working on the application of novel numerical algorithms to contemporary problems arising in these fields. It will also be useful to graduate students who want to get acquainted with the fundamental approaches to solving the magnetohydrodynamics and kinetic equations governing space plasma flows.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version. If you wish to use our printable order form and mail or fax it to us, you will need to include your email address on this form in order to receive electronic access to the purchased volume(s).

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Vol. 487 – Resolving The Future Of Astronomy With Long-Baseline Interferometry

Volume CS-487
Editor(s): Creech-Eakman, M. J.; Guzik, J. A.; Stencel, R. E.
Print ISBN: 978-1-58381-858-9
e-Book ISBN: 978-1-58381-859-6
Published: 2014

This volume contains the proceedings of a cross-disciplinary science conference on optical and infrared high-angular-resolution interferometry held in March, 2011 on the campus of the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology in Socorro, New Mexico. The meeting attracted over 90 participants from three continents with all levels of expertise in the subject.

The topics presented at the meeting included the theory and observations of celestial objects in the Solar System, the Galaxy (e.g., stars, binary stars, exoplanets, star forming regions, and stellar disks) and some extra-galactic objects, particularly active galactic nuclei, at the very highest angular resolutions possible using current technology. The conference included contributions from scientists working on several existing interferometers operating in the world, but focused on the promise of future high-resolution observations by new facilities and facility upgrades as envisioned by the researchers and theorists who study these objects.

This volume will be of interest to researchers who wish to pursue high-angular- resolution imaging of many different types of celestial objects at milliarcsecond scales. The articles in this volume focus on known and potential observations of the types of systems listed above and predict potential areas of fruitful study for the future with interferometric techniques.

Your purchase of this volume includes a printed copy and electronic access. With your purchase of this title online, you will receive email instructions on how to access the e-Book version. If you wish to use our printable order form and mail or fax it to us, you will need to include your email address on this form in order to receive electronic access to the purchased volume(s).

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